Reclaim the Streets (RTS) is a collective with a shared ideal of community ownership of public spaces. Participants characterize the collective as a resistance movement opposed to the dominance of corporate forces in globalisation, and to the car as the dominant mode of transport.
- Main article: Street reclamation
Reclaim the Streets often stage non-violent direct action street reclaiming events such as the 'invasion' of a major road, highway or freeway to stage a party. While this may obstruct the regular users of these spaces such as car drivers and public bus riders, the philosophy of RTS is that it is vehicle traffic, not pedestrians, who are causing the obstruction, and that by occupying the road they are in fact opening up public space. The events are usually spectacular and colourful, with sand pits for kids to play in, free food and music. A Temporary Autonomous Zone sometimes results. The style of the parties in many places has been influenced by the rave scene in the UK, with sound systems playing dance music.
Reclaim the Streets is also as a term used to denote this type of political action, regardless of its actual relation to the RTS movement.
Reclaim the Streets was originally formed in London in Autumn 1991 and was born out of anti-road protest camps at places such as Claremont Road and Twyford Down. The idea of street reclaiming soon spread throughout the United Kingdom. The first actions can be seen as specifically anti-car and pro-alternative transport, but over the years the members of the core group changed its focus, realising that it was better to go to the root of the problem as they saw it, namely the capitalist system. "Our streets are as full of capitalism as of cars and the pollution of capitalism is much more insidious." Nevertheless, the actions always followed the principle of non-violent direct action.
Selected RTS actions include:
- Camden High Street, May 14, 1995. A busy London street closed to traffic for an afternoon.
- Upper Street, Islington, July 23, 1995. One thousand people party at another busy traffic junction. There is a sound system and kids play in a hastily constructed sandpit.
- Birmingham, 6 August 1995
- Brighton, February 14, 1996. Protest publicised in part by Justice? & SchNEWS closes a section of the North Laines area of Brighton. A bouncy castle is erected in a crossing and traffic is stopped for most of the afternoon.
- M41 Motorway, Shepherd's Bush, London. July 13, 1996. After a cat-and-mouse game with the police, 6,000 protestors take over part of the elevated motorway. Many sound-systems play. Hidden underneath dancers walking on stilts and wearing huge, wire-supported dresses, environmental activists drill holes in the tarmac and plant trees.
- Pershore Road, Birmingham, 17 August 1996
- Mill Road, Cambridge, Saturday 14th September 1996
- Reclaim the Future, Liverpool, Saturday 28th September 1996
- Trafalgar Square, April 12, 1997. The 'Never Mind The Ballots' protest against the forthcoming General Election A march with the sacked Liverpool Dockers started at Kennington Park and ended up at Trafalgar Square in the centre of London.
- Trafalgar Square, London, Saturday 12th April 1997
- Brixton Road, Brixton and High Road, Seven Sisters, June 6, 1998. Two street reclamations in one day, with an estimated 5,000 people at each party.
- Grassmarket, Edinburgh, Scotland, 11th August 1997
- Bank Underground Station, July 13, 1998. In order to show support for London Underground workers striking resisting privatisation, activists shut down the Central Line by climbing on a train in the morning rush-hour and unfurled a larger banner at the station entrance.
- Toxic Planet at 173 Upper Street, London N1 (opposite Islington Town Hall). 4-11 October 1998.
- Tube Party. May 1, 1999.
- Carnival against Capitalism. June 18, 1999. A global day of action. In London the financial district is targeted. The LIFFE building is stormed.
- Seattle Solidarity Action, Euston Station, London. November 30, 1999. The World Trade Organisation was meeting in Seattle and met with concerted protest. In London, after a peaceful rally a police van is overturned and set on fire.
- No Blood For Oil. February 3, 2000. A solidarity action in support of the U'wa people of Colombia.
- Guerilla Gardening. May 1, 2000. An expressly non-violent gardening action at Parliament Square.
- Business Class Tube launched. June 5, 2001. 50 trains receive stickers announcing a new Cattle Class.
- Action to mark the introduction of the Terrorism Act . February 19, 2001.
- Bye Bye Planet. April 19, 2001. An action at the Natural History Museum protested at the perceived greenwash and corporate rebranding of British Petroleum (BP) by subverting an exhibition about climate change which was sponsored by BP.
- Free shop at a May Day event. May 1, 2002
- Reclaim the Future. September 11-22, 2002.
- Street party against arms trade. September 10, 2003.
The idea of a Reclaim the Streets action was quickly taken up as a form of protest around the world. These "street parties" have been held in cities all over Europe, Australia, North America, and Africa. Initial instances confounded authorities and drivers alike, but over the years the protests have become institutionalised in many places, occurring much like other forms of legal protest in that the event is arranged with authorities beforehand, but not in all places like for example in Finland, where the first Street Party outside the UK was arranged in 17th May 1997.
Selected RTS actions include:
- February 1998 Sydney, Australia.
- April 1998 Amsterdam.
- April 1998 Bielefeld, Germany.
- May 1998 Global Street Party!; Arcata, WA (USA); Athens; Berlin, Germany; Berkeley, California; Birmingham, England; Bogota, Colombia; Brisbane, Australia; Darwin, Australia; Dresden, Germany; Geneva, Switzerland; Ljubljana, Slovenia; Lyon, France; Melbourne, Australia; Prague, Czech Republic; Stockholm, Sweden; Sydney, Australia; Tallin, Estonia; Tel Aviv, Israel; Toronto, Canada; Turku, Finland; Utrecht, Netherlands; Valencia, Spain; Vancouver, Canada; York, England
- July 1998 Helsinki, Finland.
- August 1998 Jyväskylä
- September 1998 Berlin.
- October 1998 Broadway, New York City.
- April 1999 New York: Reclaim the Streets and Turn them into Gardens.
- April 1999 Berlin.
- May 1999 Turku, Finland late May 1999 Brussel/Bruxelles, Belgium Saturday
- June 1999 Global carnival against capital; London; Scotland; Nigeria; Czech Republic; Los Angeles; Germany; Australia; Spain; New York.
- July 1999 Tampere, Finland.
- July 1999 Helsinki, Finland.
- September 1999 Berlin.
- September 1999 Stockholm.
- All over the place: N30; Seattle, WA/USA: N30 and today's Seattle Indymedia; London (and commentary; Geneva, Switzerland 16 Nov and 27 Nov; New Delhi, India; Manila, Philippines 24 Nov; Athens, Greece; New York, NY/USA 26 Nov; Padua, Italy 27 Nov; Milan, Italy 27 Nov; presque toute la France; Brisbane, Australia; Cardiff & Bangor, Wales; Halifax, England; Leeds, England; Manchester, England; Totnes, England; Limerick, Ireland; Iceland; Narmada, India; Bangalore, India; Schipol/Amsterdam, Netherlands; Berlin, Germany; Rome, Italy; Long Beach, CA/USA; Baltimore, MD/USA; Tel Aviv, Israel; Nashville, TN/USA; Washington DC/USA.
- May 1st 2000 Beverly Hills, California, USA.
- May 2000 Helsinki, Finland.
- May 2000 Turku, Finland.
- July 2000 Jonesuu, Finland.
- September 2000 Naperville, Illinois, USA.
- September 2000 Brussel/Bruxelles, Belgium.
- September 2000 Prague, Czech Republic: S26 at the World Bank / International Monetary Fund.
- November 2000 Den Haag, Netherlands: Rising Tide (etc.) protests at the UN climate talks
- December 2000 Nice: European Summit (indymedia reports: more a joined-up-Europe than a UK thang?)
- January 2001 Davos: World Economic Forum demonstrations.
- 24 Feb - 12 Mar 2001 Chiapas - Mexico City: the Zapatour
- March 2001 Adelaide, Australia.
- April 2001 Québec: Anti-capitalist Carnival, welcoming in the spring (and shaking down the Free Trade-touting "Americas Summit"): www.quebec2001.net
- April 2001 Everywhere (mostly Nordic) Operation Dessert Storm.
- May 2001 All over - MayDay. RTS in crèche shock! statement; and see indymedia.
- May 2001 Thessaloniki, Greece.
- May 2001 Helsinki, Finland.
- May 2001 Prague, Czechia.
- May 2001 Asheville, North Carolina.
- June 2001 Brno, Czechia.
- June 2001 Bratislava, Slovakia.
- July 2001 Bonn, Germany at climate conference.
- August 2001 Turku, Finland.
- August 2001 Seattle, WA.
- September 2001 Leuven, Belgium.
- September 2001 Cochabamba, Bolivia: PGA gathering.
- 25 September 2001 Cochabamba, Bolivia Magical Mystery tour.
- October 2001 Ghent, Belgium.
- November 2001 Almost everywhere - actions coinciding with the World Trade Organization plotting in sunny Dohar.
- December 2001 Sydney, Australia
- December 2001 Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium.
- March 2002 Summit of the European Council Barcelona.
- March 2002 Active Fair (street party) Sydney.
- April 2002 Seattle, USA. WA Street Party.
- April 2002 Gap, France
- April 2002 Paris
- May 2002 Lahti, Finland
- May 2002 Liège, Belgium
- May 2002 Lyon, France
- May 2002 Dublin
- July 2002 Helsinki
- August 2002 Zurich
- Sept 2002 Dublin
- Sept 2003 Melbourne Australia
- Sept 2003 Brisbane, Canberra & Sydney, Australia
- Sept 2003 Wellington, New Zealand
- December 2006 - Protest against demolition of the 1957 Star Ferry Pier, Central, Hong Kong
- May 2007 - Protest against demolition of the 1953 Queen's Pier, Central, Hong Kong
- Mar - Apr 2008 - Performance art competition against the privatization of public area in front of Times Square (Hong Kong), Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
- Apr 2008 Amsterdam, the Netherlands - protest for free space and a performance from a truck driving through the streets of Amsterdam
- May 31, 2008 San Francisco, CA, USA - Street party against [[California Propositions 98 and 99
- Sept 01, 2008 Limoilou, Québec, Canada
- Sept 19, 2008, Malmö, Sweden
(2008) | Prop 98]]
- Car-free movement
- Stop the City
- Critical Mass
- M11 link road protest
- World Naked Bike Ride
- World Carfree Network
- Guerrilla gardening
- Hakim Bey
- Temporary Autonomous Zone
- Pirate utopia
- Carnival against Capitalism
- Open Spaces Society
- Wall, Derek Earth First and the Anti-Roads Movement: Radical Environmentalism and Comparative Social Movements London: Routledge, 1999. ISBN 0-415-19064-9
- Mosey, Chris Car Wars - Battles on the Road to Nowhere London: Vision Paperbacks, 2000. ISBN 1-901250-40-7
- Klein, Naomi. No Logo. Toronto : A.A Knopf Canada. 2000. ISBN 0-676-97282-9
- Reclaim the Streets (London)
- Car Busters Magazine is published four times a year by the World Carfree Network
- International Car Free Day - 22 September
- Reclaim the Streets videos
- video Reclaim the Streets & Liverpool Dockers March from Kennington Park. April 1997
- video Reclaim the Streets video from Teubingen, Germany.
- Video RTS 7, Sydney Made by Pip Starr
- urban75 Reclaim The Streets reports and photos Reclaim the Streets articles, 1996 onwards
- Snowflakes Project invites people from all over the world to claim back the streets.
- Wild in the Streets Skateboarders reclaim the streets.
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